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Tag Archives: Tawheed

Religious Plurality vs. Social Plurality

Let there be no compulsion (force) in religion (way of life),
Truth stands clear from error/falsehood

Al-Baqara (2):256

Kalima

Compulsion is contrary to the meaning and purpose of religion, which essentially is an appeal to beings endowed with free choice to affirm and worship their Creator. Intention and volition are necessary bases of all actions, attitudes, and thoughts for which the individual is religiously accountable. Without that basis, accountability has no meaning. According to Islâm, actions are not considered religiously acceptable or valid unless they are done with the appropriate intentions. Compulsion also contradicts the religious-legal principle that actions are to be judged only by intentions. Prophet ﷺ communicated as revealed to him by Allâh:

O My servants, I have forbidden oppression for Myself
and have made it forbidden amongst you,
so do not oppress one another.

Hadith Qudsi, 17

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A tiny seed contains a huge tree. A human being, the most complex creature, grows from an ovum fertilized by a microscopic sperm. Is there an appropriate relation or acceptable proportionality between cause and effect here? Can extremely weak and simple, ignorant and lifeless causes result in very powerful and complex, intelligent and vigorously living effects?

Countenances. Countless human beings have lived since Adam’s creation. Despite their common origin—a sperm and ovum, which are formed from the same sort of foods consumed by one’s parents—and although they are composed of the same structures, elements, organisms, every person has a unique countenance.
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