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Uniqueness and Magnificence of the Qur’ân

This is the (matchless) Divine Writ
whereof there is no doubt (as authorship belongs to Allâh),
a perfect guidance for the God-conscious (pious)
who believe in the existence of that which is beyond the reach of human perception,
and establish/are constant in worship,
and spend on others out of what We provide for them as sustenance

Al-Baqara (2):2-3

Quran Illumunated Blue

Muslims believe that the Qur’ân is the very word of Allâhﷻ; a complete record of the exact words revealed by Allâhﷻ through Angel Gabriel to Prophet Muĥammadﷺ

The Qur’ân, The Last and Final Testament from God was memorized by the Prophet and his followers dedicated to his companions. The Qur’ân is in every detail the same unique and miraculous text that was revealed to Muĥammadﷺ over fourteen centuries ago. The Qur’ân is the principle source of every Muslim’s faith and practice. It deals with all subjects and concerns as human beings, including wisdom, doctrine, worship, and law but its basic theme is the relationship between Allâhﷻ and his creatures. At the same time, the Qur’ân provide guidelines for just society, proper human conducts, and equitable economic principles.

He (Allâh) has sent down to you the book (Qur’ân) with truth
confirming what was revealed before;
and sent down the Torah (of Moses)
and Gospel (of Jesus) before this as guide to humankind;
and sent down the Criterion (Qur’ân)

Al-‘Imrân (3):3-4

The Qur’ân is unique in it language and style, it doesn’t resemble any works of humans. It doesn’t use the “Once upon a time” type of story telling that other traditions are accustomed. It has its own, unique, powerful engaging technique, and uses the Arabic language with an extreme level of literacy and strength, and despite being in Arabic, the Qur’ân bears no similarity to the forms used in Arabic literature while its melodious recitation can tremble the hearts of those who hear it even of those without the knowledge of the Arabic language, it is always full of meaning, lessons, beauty, majesty.

Ultimate Challenge…

Say : “If mankind and the Jinns gathered in order to produce the like of this Qur’ân,
they could not produce the like of it,
even if they were to each other assistants.

Al-‘Isrâ (17):88

Or do they say, “He invented it?”
Say, “Then bring ten šûrahs like it that have been invented
and call upon (for assistance) whoever you can besides Allah,
if you should be truthful

Hûd (11):13

And if you are in doubt about what We revealed (i.e. the Qur’an) upon Our servant,
then produce a šûrah (chapter) like thereof
and call upon your witnesses (i.e. supporters) other than Allah,
if you should be truthful.
But if you do not – and you will never be able to –
then fear the Fire, whose fuel is men and stones,
prepared for the disbelievers

Al-Baqara (2):23-24

Some things that need to be met by the challenger…

• Replicate the Qur’an’s literary form and uniqueness,
• Match the unique linguistic genre of the Qur’ân
• Select and arrange words like that of the Qur’ân,
• Select and arrange particles like that of the Qur’ân.
• Match the Qur’ân’s phonetic superiority,
• Equal the frequency of rhetorical devices,
• Match the level of informativity,
• Equal the Qur’ân’s conciseness and flexibility
• Match the multi-faceted interconnectedness of it’s verses

Detailed View

• Unique Literary Form
• Unique Linguistic Genre
• Abundance of rhetorical devices/features:

– Conceptual Relatedness
– Multiple Meanings
– Iltifaat (Grammatical shift)
– Word order and Arrangement
– Ellipsis
– Emphasis
– Choice of words & particles
– Intensification
– Phonetics
– Semantically Orientated Repetition
– Intimacy
– Exaggeration
– Rebuke and contempt
– Conciseness
– Flexibility
– Prophesy/Factual

The Qur’ân is a unique form of Arabic speech. The form of its language can not be described as Prose or Poetry. It achieves this unique literary form by intermingling metrical and non-metrical speech in such a way that its style is not affected and its meaning not distorted. Furthermore, the Qur’an does not adhere to the rules of Prose or Poetry but yet its expression is grammatically sound. This can been seen by analyzing every Qur’anic chapter. The totality of every chapter has a special character, with its own unique form, and its unique use of literary devices. It is easy to commit to memory and can address all levels of intellect and people from different cultures at their own level. It is also self referencing and coherent, consistent as a whole unlike other works deemed as scripture. These features of the Qur’ân are part of the reason of why it has not been emulated to this day.

Hamilton Gibb’s of Oxford states,

“…the Meccans still demanded of him a miracle and with remarkable boldness and self confidence Muhammad appealed as a supreme confirmation of his mission to the Koran itself. Like all Arabs they were connoisseurs of language and rhetoric. Well, then if the Koran were his own composition other men could rival it. Let them produce ten verses like it. If they could not (and it is obvious that they could not), then let them accept the Koran as an outstanding evidential miracle”

(H. A. R. Gibb. 1980. Islam: A Historical Survey. Oxford University Press, p. 28)

also, E. H. Palmer correctly asserts,

“That the best of Arab writers has never succeeded in producing anything equal in merit to the Qur’an itself is not surprising.”

Notes:
http://www.theinimitablequran.com/fivemajorarguments.html
http://www.miraclesofthequran.com/perfection_02.html
Kur’ân Sûrelerindeki Eşsiz Ahenk (Matchless accord/harmony in Qur’ânic verses, Turkish) by Dr. Faruk Tuncer

Next Part 12: Marveling on the Qur’an

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2 Comments

  1. .

    • Feel free to eloborate further and contribute inshaAllah…


One Trackback/Pingback

  1. By Heart to Heart Part 10 « My Wadud on 23 Dec 2008 at 3:06 pm

    […] Part – Description, Uniqueness and Magnificence of the Qur’ân Heart to Heart Part 11 Possibly related posts: (automatically generated)Tim Winter – Tawakkul AllaahMuhammad (Peace Be […]

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