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Thus, we are not asked to believe in absurdities, nor are we required to know everything and prove everything as we are only responsible for what’s apparent to our minds and hearts. Although we are obligated to seek knowledge as in the first revealed word and verses.

Iqra! (Read, Recite), in the name of your Sustaining-Lord who created
Created humankind from a clot clinging (zygote, germ-cell)
Read/Recite for your Sustaining-Lord is the All-Munificent
Who has taught by the pen. Taught humankind what he did not know

Al-‘Alaq (96):1-5 [1]

and this command is expounded upon in the ĥadiths [2] of the Messenger of Allâh, Muĥammad [3] ﷺ

“Whoever follows a path in the pursuit of knowledge,
Allâh will make a path to Paradise easy for him.”

“To acquire knowledge is the duty of every Muslim man and woman”

“The excess of ‘Ilm (knowledge) is better than the excess of ‘Ibâdah (worship),
and the best of your religion is the wara’ (piety, self restrain).”

“The ink of the scholar is more holy than the blood of the martyr”

“Middle path” [4] or “straight path” as Islâm is commonly attributed, orders balance between ability and responsibility, while adorning us with the best of advices such as reading, education and learning as Divine advice. Knowledge of this world is in fact used many times in the Qur’ân to engage the reader to take lessons and encourage to find out more about them. Islâm also forbids excessiveness such as “religious hierarchy” or “monk hood”. Leadership is based on knowledge and piety, and laws and rules apply equally to all, without the right to take them away or extending them for anyone including self.

We will soon show them Our signs in the Universe and inside their selves, until it will become quite clear to them that it is the truth. Is it not sufficient as regards your Lord that He is a witness over all things?

Fussilat (41):53

The revelation given to humankind is inseparable from the cosmic revelation, which is also a book of God. Islâm, by refusing to separate humanity from nature and the study of nature from its metaphysical dimension has preserved an integral view of the universe and sees in the arteries of the cosmic and natural order the flow of Divine Grace. From the bosom of nature human beings seek to transcend nature and nature can be an aid in this process, provided they learn to contemplate it as a mirror reflecting a higher reality. This is the reason why one finds an elaborate hierarchy of knowledge in Islâm, integrated by the principle of Divine Unity [5]– “natural, juridical, social, theological sciences and metaphysical sciences – and why so many Muslim scientists, polymaths such as Ibn Sinâ (Physician, father of early modern medicine, peripatetic philosopher etc.), Nasīr al-Dīn al-Tūsī (Mathematician, Astronomer, Accurate Planetary Models, first to present empirical observational evidence of the Earth’s rotation), any many others could excel both in religious sciences (being Hâfiz (Memorizer) of the Qur’ân and being practicing Sûfîs, write Jurisprudence and Islâmic treaties etc.) and earthly sciences. [6]


1 also see: An-Naĥl (6):78, Ťâ-Ĥâ (20):114, Al-Zumar (39):9

2 Hadith, sayings of Prophet Muĥammad memorized by his family and companions and collected, authenticated in many levels by later scholars such as Imâm Bukhâri, Imâm Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud etc. Hadith further explain verses in the Qur’ân and are used to derive history, rulings and other benefits.

3 ﷺ (ŝallAllâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) Recommended recital upon mention of the Prophet Muĥammad’s name meaning, May Allâh Bless him and give him peace, which is one of the rulings of Allâh ﷻ (see Al-Ahzâb(33):56) and is recited due to the love of the Messenger as lack of such recitation does not harm him as Divine grace has been guaranteed to him and he has been raised to praiseworthy station (al-Maqaam al-Mahmood) by his Beloved.

4 Al-Baqara (2):143, Al-Mâ’idah (5):77,

5 Man and Nature by Seyyed Hussein Nasr pp.94-95

6 More on Islamic Contributions to humankind in Chapter called “Islâmic Civilization in History and its Significance”

Heart to Heart Part 3

2 Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. By Heart to Heart Part 1 on 30 Aug 2008 at 9:34 pm
  2. By Heart to Heart Part 11 « My Wadud on 28 Nov 2008 at 11:14 am

    […] Part 1 – Introduction Part 2 – Reflection and Analysis Part 3 – Discourse on Allâh ﷻ Part 4 – Discourse Continued… Part 5 – Discourse Continued […]

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